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Policy Recommendations for Comprehensive Japan-US Security Cooperation in a New World Order

Overview

Leader Shotaro Yachi, Professor, Waseda University Organization for Japan-US Studies
Researcher Hiroyuki Akita, Nikkei Inc., Yoko Iwama, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies , Chikako (Kawakatsu) Ueki, Waseda University , Masakatsu Ota, Kyodo News , Shinichi Ogawa, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University , Yoichi Kato, The Asahi Shimbun Company , Hideaki Kaneda, Okazaki Institute , Nobukatsu Kanehara, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan , Masahiro Kohara, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan , Takahiko Tanaka, Waseda University , Tomohiko Taniguchi, Keio University , Tadashi Nishihara, Research Institute for Peace and Security , Yoso Furumoto, The Mainichi Newspapers , Narushige Michishita, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies , Shinya Murase, Sophia University , Tatsuhiko Yoshizaki, Sojitz Research Institute, Ltd. , Joseph S. Nye Jr. University Distinguished Service Professor, Harvard University , Richard Lawless Former Deputy Under Secretary of Defense President and CEO,Richard Lawless Associates , Michael Green Senior Adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies(CSIS)) , Michael Auslin AEI's Director of Japan Studies , James E. Auer Director of the Center for U.S.-Japan Studies and Cooperation at the Vanderbilt Institute for Public Policy Studies
Term April 2011 - March 2012
Research Outline

 The current international situation is a post-Cold War world with no end in sight. Twenty years have passed since the dissolution of the Cold War structure between the United States and the Soviet Union, and the world is witnessing the advance of multipolarity and a diversification of threats. A new world order, however, ensuring long-term stability for the international system has yet to be realized. Under these conditions, Japan is expected to assume a leadership role framed around its intimate relationship of trust with the US, with whom it has forged an alliance, for the sake of peace and stability especially within East Asia.

 Coincidentally, in the middle of his teleconference with newly-elected Prime Minister Kan Naoto, held immediately after the start of the new administration on June 4, 2010, President Obama expressed his desire to "build a global-scale partnership to promote peace and prosperity." Furthermore, the need to stabilize the global commons (global public property) is emphasized in the new 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review, released by the Obama Administration. Under these conditions, what manner of global partnership should Japan and the US construct? Moreover, in what ways should Japan cooperate with the US, and what kind of arrangement is necessary in order to promptly recover the trust lost over the Futenma base relocation issue and advance harmonious collaboration with the Obama Administration, which wasted no time in clarifying its doctrine of an international cooperative foreign diplomacy?

 On the other hand, while Japan's post-war security policy has centered on the Japan-US Security Treaty arrangements, there are not only serious issues concerning equality and efficacy, but it is also clear that there exists a preponderance of threats that cannot be tackled solely by strengthening the existing Japan-US Security Treaty system. However, restrictions based on domestic legislation unique to Japan contribute to the opinion that discussions concerning the existing Japan-US Security Treaty arrangements are inadequate from the perspective of developing broader, more concrete international cooperation between Japan and the United States.

 Taking these issues into consideration, this study concerns itself with policy recommendations to contribute to the creation of tangible mechanisms under the assumption that the construction of a Japan-US relationship that makes the realization of international collaboration feasible in a wider embrace of fields is necessary in order to achieve peace and security in a new world order. The development of a global military partnership built solely upon the Japan-US alliance is not a satisfactory solution. In more definite terms, this study aims to make clear in what ways to effectively and constructively build and implement comprehensive and practical partnership between the two countries, which is only feasible after establishing complex ties with a diverse spread of organizations, such as those involved in intelligence cooperation, including responses to cyber security problems, which have not received due attention in the past as well as the issues of nuclear proliferation, international peace activities, piracy issues, resource management, sea lane defense, and disaster relief. To this end, it is necessary to overcome introverted debates that focus on the existing Japan-US Security Treaty arrangements and reconsider the duties, abilities, and role-sharing of both countries, comparing these to world security in this global age.

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