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Creating Vision for Social Implementation of Science and Technology using Science Fiction


Leader OSAWA Hirotaka (Assistant Professor, University of Tsukuba), SUZUKI Kenji (Professor, University of Tsukuba)
Researcher MIYAMOTO Dohjin (University of Tsukuba), Ed FINN (Arizona State University), HASE Satoshi (Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of Japan)
Term October 2019 – September 2020
Research Outline

In order to establish science and technology in society, understanding of technology and active participation of citizens are indispensable. For this purpose, it is important for citizens to come up with positive ideas for the society of the future, to research science and technology, and to propose problem-solving methods, rather than for science and technology to lead citizens like "missing model". However, it is not easy to maintain this motivation in the context of citizen participation.
As a solution to such problems, methods using narratives such as science fiction (SF) (design fiction) are attracting attention. It has been attracting attention for a long time that science fiction provides a vision to science and technology and science and technology provides a vision to science and technology. Recently, an idea to actively utilize such ideas of science and technology for innovation has emerged. The idea of designing for the purpose of raising awareness rather than solving problems, the idea of speculative design, and the idea of a maker movement that encourages the use of technology by citizens have their roots in the influence of science fiction writers (Bruce Sterling and Cory Doctorow). Recently, China has been actively trying to use the idea support of these science fiction works for technology utilization (Investment in international science fiction conventions, publication of Chinese writers in scientific journals such as Nature, declaration of science fiction cities in Chengdu, etc.).
The purpose of this study is to investigate the framework of workshops for creating science fiction as a vision when introducing science and technology to the region in Japan, especially in Tsukuba city. To that end, the AI Policy Futures, an AI technology policy initiative from Arizona State University's Center for Science and Imagination (CSI), will be surveyed. A workshop on Japanese issues will be discussed at Arizona State University. Through this cultural comparison, Japan and the United States will actively verify how the process should be changed in the vision of future society and the vision of policy making.
Professor SUZUKI Kenji, the research director, has been searching for the social application of the above artificial intelligence technology in the field of human technology at the University of Tsukuba Artificial Intelligence Science Center for a long time, and has developed several social application methods and applied them to the public. OSAWA Hirotaka, an assistant professor at the University of Tsukuba, MIYAMOTO Dohjin, a researcher, and HASE Satoshi, a board member of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of Japan, have signed a joint research agreement between the university and the writers' club and are investigating the effects of both artificial intelligence and science fiction.
We will examine how fiction can be applied to the study of the future society by combining the American method in which SF is a part of national literature and its study has produced innovation in society, and the knowledge of Japan, an advanced country with global challenges such as an aging society and a subculture centered on SF. This will create a contribution to creating a vision of global technology application.

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