Refugees Unwilling to Return: Cases of the Indian Ocean Tsunami, Great East Japan Earthquake, Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy
Date and Time
Thursday, March 19, 2015
For the Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004, Hurricane Katrina’s devastation of New Orleans and the Gulf Coast in 2005, and the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 and the ensuing tsunami and nuclear reactor meltdown, governments in the United States, Indonesia and Japan have had to engage in massive restoration and cleanup efforts to address significant loss of life, tremendous economic damage, and displacement of entire communities. Disasters often provoke immediate responses and aid. For displaced populations, however, the disruptive effects may continue for years as they struggle to return to affected areas. Increasingly, questions are being raised whether damaged areas should be rebuilt in the same way, whether they should be rebuilt differently, or whether people from vulnerable areas should not return to their previous areas of residence. Even when policymakers decide to encourage return, persons displaced by a disaster may decide not to return. Conversely, even if policymakers decide to discourage return, displaced persons may fervently seek to return. This seminar seeks to (1) Increase understanding in the United States, Indonesia and Japan (as well as other countries) regarding the priorities and factors that influence how people displaced by natural disasters decide whether, when, and how to return, and (2) Identify policy approaches that provide incentives and disincentives for evacuees to return to their home communities, and for addressing evacuees’ needs when social or environmental concerns make return impossible or undesirable.
Moderator & Speaker
- Mikiyasu Nakayama
Operating Advisor , USJI / Professor, The University of Tokyo
- Ryo Fujikura
Professor, Faculty of Humanity and Environment, Hosei University
- Syafruddin Karimi
Director, Centre for Economic Research and Institutional Development, Andalas University
- Carl Bruch, Director
Senior Attorney; Co-Director, International Programs, Environmental Law Institute(ELI)
Environmental Law Institute
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