Livelihood Rehabilitation of Involuntarily Resettled People by Dam Construction Projects: Cases in Asia
Tuesday, February 19, 2013 10:00am - 11:30am
Livelihood Rehabilitation of Involuntarily Resettled People by Dam Construction Projects: Cases in Asia from U.S.-Japan Research Institute on Vimeo.
Admission is free, but seating for this event is limited.
Implications of resettlement in ten Asian cases were examined by an international research project. Livelihood rehabilitation of resettlers was examined in total of 10 dams built, in Indonesia (4 cases), Japan (2 cases), Laos (2 cases), Sri Lanka (1 case) and Turkey (1 case). Many similarities were found among cases. Useful lessons for projects in future were learned. For example, resettlers were found not only concerned about their livelihood after resettlement, but were very considerate about future of their children. They tended to select the destination of resettlement from the viewpoint of providing their children with better education rather than the viewpoint of their income or livelihood after resettlement. It was also found that many resettlers, including those in Japan, hope to relocate into their destination along with their neighbors, not separately from others. Resetterls felt uncomfortable when more than one ethnic groups were “merged” into one village after resettlement. Lack of forestry or farmland after resettlement was observed in many cases. Provision of national forests for resettlers was instrumental in some cases for their livelihood rehabilitation. Giving permissions for resettlers to use national forest was also very effective to increase income of resettlers. In some cases, resettlers stopped farming and moved to distant cities because no picture was given about future of their vicinities. Clear picture of their vicinities after dam construction should have been shown to resettlers, so that they could consider relocating to vicinities, not to distant cities.
Moderator & Speaker
- Michael M. Cernea
Nonresident Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution
U.S.-Japan Research Institute (USJI)